About Azerbaijan

Located at the crossroads of European-Asian trading routes, Azerbaijan was fought over by Russian, Persian and Ottoman forces for centuries. After the collapse of the Russian Empire in 1917, Azerbaijan briefly became an independent state that was de facto recognized by the Allies in January 1920, only to have independence terminated when the Red Army arrived in April of that year.

Azerbaijan map

Prior to the collapse of the Soviet Union, Azerbaijan restored its independent statehood in October 1991. The new Republic established strong bilateral relations with the United States. More: https://history.state.gov/countries/azerbaijan